Vietnam is a beautiful landscape with many gorgeous destinations stretching from the North to the South. When talking about the best destination in the North of Vietnam, we could not miss Sapa because of its unique cultures and the stunning beauty of rice terraces.
Sapa is a frontier township and capital of Sapa District in Lao Cai Province in north-west Vietnam. It was first inhabited by people we know nothing about. They left in the entire valley hundreds of petroglyphs, mostly composed of lines, which experts think date from the 15th century and represent local cadastres. Then came the highland minorities of the Hmong and Yao. The township is one of the main market ones in the area, where several ethnic minority groups such as Hmong, Dao (Yao), Giáy, Pho Lu, and Tày live. These are the four main minority groups still present in Sapa district today. The Kinh (lowland Vietnamese) never originally colonised this highest of Vietnam’s valleys, which lies in the shadow of Phan-Xi-Pǎng (Fansipan, 3143 m), the highest peak in the country.
If you are planning your holiday in Sapa the next time, don’t miss our useful travel tips about Sapa below:
General information of Sapa
Sapa is actually a district of Lao Cai – a mountainous province located in the North of Vietnam. At the height of 1,600m above sea level, the average temperature of Sapa is always lower than other places of Vietnam, just about 15 degree. It can be said that the rice terraces, ethnic minorities and Fansipan Mountain are the most famous things that everyone cannot forget when thinking about Sapa.
Sapa is a land of many Vietnam ethnic groups including King, Mong or H’mong, Dao or Yao, Tay, Giay, Muong, Thai, Hoa or Chinese and Xa Pho people. Most ethnic people in Sapa have to work as farmers on their land (terrace fields) to earn their life. Their main foods are rice and corn. Some other women make small items such as ethnic clothes and blankets by themselves, then sell to the tourists in Sapa town. Childen in Sapa have a difficult life because they have to support their family since they were a little kid. Some children are not attended school because their parents don’t have enough money, because their home is too far from school, because they have to work to help their family, etc. Schools in Sapa also lack many essential learning tools like books, pens, pencils, even teachers.
Sapa is also famous for Fansipan Peak of Hoang Lien Son Mountains – the highest peak of Indochina area. Trekking to Fansipan (3143 meters) has longer known as the most interesting adventure tour of Vietnam. It is a hard trekking and takes about 3 or 4 days for one expedition so there are not many tourists can step their foot to this peak. Fortunately, we can get Fansipan in 1 hour now because of the cable car that has been used since February, 2016.
One of the other special things of Sapa is that many local people can speak English without any English language course. The main reason might be that English helps them earn more money. They can use English to be a tour guide or simply a better seller.
To be continued…